Top 5: The most innovative medical advancements in the world of modern healthcare

The latest medical advancements, breaking barriers in the world of modern medical science.

Artificial Intelligence

AI is being used by the University Hospitals Coventry & Warwickshire NHS Trust to detect cancer cells more accurately. The project - undertaken with the University of Warwick, Intel and the Turing Institute - is creating a digital repository of tumour and immune cells and developing algorithms to recognise them automatically. Its aim is to increase accuracy and reliability in analysing cancerous tissues in order to provide a better level of care for patients.

Machine Learning

IBM’s Watson supercomputer - most famous for winning US quiz show Jeopardy in 2008 - is now using its machine learning and natural language processing technologies in the healthcare industry. It is helping doctors to make diagnoses by mining patient data about family history, current medications and existing conditions, as well as referencing clinical studies, journal articles and medical notes. From the data Watson can provide a list of potential diagnoses and a score of how likely the hypothesis is.

3D Printing

A study by the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the McCormick School of Engineering has successfully enabled infertile mice to give birth after ovary implants made with a 3D printer restored their fertility. The scientists hope the research will help bring artificial ovaries for humans one step closer and restore fertility and hormone production in women who have undergone cancer treatments and have an increased risk of infertility and hormone-based developmental issues.

Robot Surgeons

A team of surgeons and engineers at the Bern University Hospital and the ARTORG Centre for Biomedical Engineering Research at the University of Bern have developed a high-precision surgical robot for cochlear implantation. The robotic cochlear implantation technology is helping to improve hearing in deaf patients and works on sensors and a radar-like nerve stimulation probe which computes whether the robot is on the right track to place the implant.

Artificial Limbs

Engineers from the University of Glasgow have been developing a solar-powered synthetic skin made of graphene, which could return the sense of touch to amputees. Dr Ravinder Dahiya of the University’s School of Engineering said: “My colleagues and I have made significant steps in creating prosthetic prototypes which integrate synthetic skin and are capable of making very sensitive pressure measurements. Those measurements mean the prosthetic hand is capable of performing challenging tasks like properly gripping soft materials, which other prosthetics struggle with.”

This article was published in our Business Reporter Online: Revolutionising Healthcare.

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